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Bayani Akan Raggon Ido (Lazy Eye Syndrome - Amblyopia)

Gabatarwa:

Amblyopia - cuta ce wadda zamu iya fassarawa  da raggon ido a hausa, cuta ce da ke kawo asarar gani ko rashin hangen nesa da ke shafar ido ɗaya ko duka idanu biyu.

Cutar amblyopia ko kuma cutar raggon ido ana danganta cutar ne da rashin gani da kyau ko kuma samun babban bambanci a matakin hangen nesa ko hangen kusa a tsakanin idanu biyu. wannan cutar an fi samun ta a yara ƙanana ko matasa sama da manyan mutane.

Yawanci cutar tana somawa ne kafin shekaru shida (6) kuma bai cika shafar hangen gefe ba.  Gilashin ido ko amfani da tabarau da ake yi a asibiti ba zai iya  gyara ƙarancin hangen nesa da amblyopia ke haifar wa ba idan ba a yi saurin gane wannan cuta a cikin muhimmin lokaci ba.

Abubuwan da ke kawo cutar raggon ido

1. Rashin samun cikakkiyar jarrabawar ido don gano yanayin ganin yaron da ya kai watanni shida (6) zuwa shekaru uku (3) da haihuwa.

2. Amfani da tabarau na asibiti wanda ba chanchanta da idanun mutum ba.

3. Tarihin wannan cutar a cikin zuriya ko iyali.

4. Haihuwar jarirai kamin su cika mizanin watanni tara (9).

5. Jarirai da aka haifa da wata naƙasa

6. Rawar idanu wanda ake kira strabismus (ido ɗaya ko duka biyu su kama juyawa a ciki ko a waje).

6. Rashin gani na ido ɗaya.

7. Haihuwar jarirai da cutar cataract.

8. Kura-kuran gani masu shafar retina (refractive errors).

Alamomin raggon ido

Babbar alamar raggon ido shi ne fifita amfani da ido ɗaya (ido mai lafiya) ko kuma fifita ganin abinda ke sashe ɗaya (sashen ido mai lafiya).

Idan kuma ya shafi dukkan idanu toh marar lafiya zai dinga gani bishi-bishi a dukkan idanu.  Alamun ba koyaushe suke bayyana a kai tsaye ba.



Saurin gane cutar tun da wuri yana ƙara bada damar samun cikakkiyar farfaɗo wa ko kuma warkewa daga cutar.

Ƙungiyar likitocin ido ta Amurka ta ba da shawarar cewa yara su yi cikakken gwajin gani tun suna yan wata shida (6) da kuma sake yi a lokacin da suka kai shekaru uku (3). 

Wannan cutar ta kasalar idanu bata warkewa da wuri idan ba a gano cutar ba har zuwa lokacin da jariri ya kai matashi ko ya balaga. Magani a wannan lokaci yana ɗaukar tsawon lokaci kuma sau da yawa ba shi da tasiri.

Yadda ake maganin raggon ido

Hanyoyin da ake bi domin magance raggon ido sun haɗa da amfani da gilashin tabarau na asibiti da kuma koyar da yaro yadda zai rinka amfani da raggon idon duk da baya gani dashi sosai. 

Haka kuma, yaron da ya karkata zuwa amfani da ido ɗaya (ido mai lafiya) ana koyar da shi yadda zai iya amfani da idanun duka biyu. Har takan iya sa a rufe ido mai lafiya da wata yar leda domin yaron ya fara amfani da ido marar lafiya, wanda yawan amfani zai sa raggon idon ya farfaɗo daga cutar, ya daina kasala.


Riga-kafi

Kamar yadda mukayi bayani a baya, gano wannan cutar da wuri shi ne abu mai matuƙar amfani a wajen riga-kafi ko samun kariya dagareta. Ana gano wannan cutar da wuri ta hanyar yiwa ƙananan yara cikakken gwajin ido a watanni shida (6) bayan haihuwa da kuma gwajin shekara uku (3).

Kammalawa

Cutar raggon ido ko kuma kasalar idanu cuta ce dake iya shafar ido ɗaya ko kuma dukan idanu biyu. Wannan cutar tana haifar da rashin ƙarfin gani a idon da ta shafa. Wannan zai sa mai wannan cutar ya fifita amfani da ido ɗaya haka zalika ya fifita ganin abubuwan da ke sashen ido mai lafiya. 

Domin gano wannan cutar da sauri anaso a fara yiwa yara gwajin idanu tun suna yan wata shida (6), saboda gano cutar da wuri shi keda matuƙar amfani a wajen maganinta ta hanyar horar da raggon idon yadda zai fara aiki ya daina kasala.


Idan kuna da tambaya sai kuyi a cikin akwatin sharhi dake ƙasa, Insha Allah zamu karba ba tare da jinkiri ba. Haka kuma zaku iya shiga group dinmu na WhatsApp domin kasancewa damu damu a koda yaushe da kuma samun ingantattun bayanan mu a cikin sauki. Ku danna wannan link din domin shiga: Lafiyata Group 3. 
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